What does disposition mean in a court case? Case disposed Vs dismissed?

As we all know that the court’s take on the cases filed is the final decision. With the proceeding of courts in the pandemic, they are making sure that apt attention is given to suits that deem to be of urgent importance for the well being. Since there are a lot of pending court cases already, the use of fast track courts has been a necessity. This is where the term ‘Case Disposed’ or ‘Case status Disposed off’ or ‘Case Disposition’ comes into the legal perspective. So what exactly does disposition mean in a court case?

What does Disposition mean in a court case?

Case status is ‘Disposed/ Disposal/ Disposed off/Disposition’ are used in place of each other very often. Disposition in a court case means that the case proceedings are completed, the status of that case is named as disposed by the judge. In other words, the measuring of the age of case terminates on the day suits are ‘disposed’ by the learned court. No further hearings are scheduled upon the disposition of the court case.

A civil or a criminal case is named disposed only after disposition of all the entered contentions or charges in the case. This occurs on the actual date of dismissal on the last contention or charge of disposition

Case Status disposed meaning | What does disposition mean?
Case status disposed in Chennai
Case status disposed in Chennai

Case Disposition meaning in criminal cases

A criminal case in district court is actually disposed on the date the case is bound over to advanced proceedings. 4 reasons why case disposition happens in criminal cases:  

  1. Through an overruling indictment  
  2. A waiver or finding of probable reason
  3. When the status of the case is disposed in the district court under guilty plea
  4. Dismissal or recognition of no apparent cause.

What does disposition in a court case mean in Hindi?

Case disposed meaning in Hindi is ‘maamala nipataaya’.

What does disposition in a court case mean in Tamil?

Case disposed meaning in Tamil is ‘Vaḻakku akaṟṟappaṭṭatu’.

What does disposition in a court case mean in Telugu?

Case disposed meaning in Tamil is ‘Kēsu pariṣkarin̄cabaḍindi’.

Disposition of court case? What all you must know?

The disposition of a court case signifies that all the proceedings in relation to the case are absolute. Whether it is a civil case or criminal case, the disposition of case can occur only after completion or verdict of all the issues and charges in that case.  

Also, in case of multiple indictments, the case is said to be disposed on the date when the final issue was discussed and the decision is presented by the court. The 5 different nature of a disposition in a court case are as follows- 

  1. Contested Otherwise comes under the ambit of disposition of cases when it is opposed. This happens when the contentions, facts, or evidence do not coincide with that of the case. 
  2. Contested Judgments are based on the character and merit of facts. Hence, the disposition of the case is called when the pleadings become disputed. 
  3. Contested Dismissed is called upon by the court when either of the parties is unable to attend the court proceedings and are constantly absent. This might occur as a result of disputed facts, finding of the case or when they are unable to present strong nature of evidence or proof for their contentions. 
  4. Contested Compromise is the disposition of the case when the decision is not deemed to be made related to the issue. In other words, the suit under this purview is compromised due to an ardent contest. 
  5. Uncontested Otherwise is the disposed status given by the judge when the there is no opposition in the suit. Hence, the suit is lopsided on the facts of only one party.
Case status disposed Vs open cases
Case status disposed Vs open cases
Report on cases which are not disposed in India
Report on cases which are not disposed in India

Case Disposed Vs Case Dismissed status

Disposed is a much wider term than dismissed. A case disposition means that the affair has arrived on the decision based on the merits and the judgment order passed. On the contrary, when the case status is dismissed then the court’s judgment is for a procedural reason. The decision is made without the consideration of merits.

In the case of a disposition of the case, the judgment is passed after seeing all the facts and evidence and after hearing from both the parties. Whereas in case of dismissal, the court surpasses with the judgment without hearing the plea provided the following factors are present-

  1. An indecent complaint or charge sheet filed 
  2. Lack of satisfactory grounds for arrest 
  3. Lack of evidence 
  4. Absence of witness 
Dismissed case for an NRI
Dismissed case for an NRI

What is Case Disposition under Code of Civil Procedure (CPC)?

It has been marked by the apex court in the case of R.k. Roja v. U.S. Rayudu and Anrs that the court has to call for disposition of the case of an application of rejection of plaint before continuing the case proceedings. Also, this application can be filed under any stage for the same. This has been mentioned in Order VII, rule 11 under the Code of Civil Procedure (CPC). 

In this situation, the final order is counted when the court’s judgment is in favor of either of the party.

What are the 3 different forms of CPC?

It can be in the form of a judgment, order or decree. It can comprise of more than one order. 

Judgment (Order XX CPC) is a conclusion about rights and liabilities of the court. It is based on the contentions raised before it which were orally manifested on the day of final hearing, or at some other short date. 

Also, the phrase ‘final order disposing of the case’ can be regarded as an order on merits under Section 362 of CRPC which reflects judgment and final order disposing of the case. This has been contended by the Karnataka High Court in the case of Ibrahimsab vs. Faridabi ( ILR 1986 Karnataka 2251). 

Decree (Order XX, rule 6 CPC) contains more than the verdict and is drawn up within 15 days from the date on which the judgment is stated. Its copy can also be attained in the same way as that of the judgment. 5 kinds of Decrees are– 

  1. Decree for recovery of immovable assets 
  2. Recovery of money 
  3. Decree for transfer of movable property 
  4. Decree for possession 
  5. Decree for specific performance of contract for the trade 

Disposal of the suit at the first hearing (Order XV CPC) can also be made on the following grounds- 

  1. Parties not at subject- matter 
  2. One of numerous defendants not at issue 
  3. Parties at subject- matter 
  4. Failure to generate evidence 
Indian District Court case disposed statistics
Indian District Court case disposed statistics
Indian High Court case disposed statistics
Indian High Court case disposed statistics


Understand what does disposition mean in a court case by expert NRI lawyers

What does the disposition of a case mean under the Criminal Procedure Court (CRPC)?

Case disposal by Application of Plea Bargaining is mentioned under the provision of Section 265B (4). The 4 steps of the proceeding of this application are as follows– 

  1. The application for plea bargaining should be filed. 
  2. The court conducts examination of the accused. This is done in the absence of prosecutor to make sure that the application is filed voluntarily. 
  3. The application by accused is confirmed only if it is voluntary. 
  4. The prosecutor and accused draws a mutual agreement for further hearing of disposition. 

Guidelines for mutually satisfactory disposition are provided under Section 265 C. These guidelines mention that the courts must release notice to the public prosecutor, investigating public officers and the parties of the case associated with a police report. This is done to make sure that the procedure is done voluntarily. 

Whereas when a case is introduced otherwise than on a police report, then the notices are issued to the case parties to confer and reach on a voluntary satisfactory disposition. 

Disposal of the Case is mentioned under Section 265 E in which the disposition of the case will take place with respect to the fact that the respondents are at liberty to extract the said plea of guilty and request trial of the case.  

This is the result of the situation in the case of V. Subramanian v. The State in which the plea bargaining was not completed in accords with the process contemplated under the chapter XXI A. Instead the plea of guilty was prepared even before the commencement of legalizing plea bargaining. As a consequence, the plea of guilty prepared by the respondents contradicted Article 21 of the Indian Constitution. 

Dismissal Status of Civil Cases

Res Judicata submits to an issue that has been previously decided by the court in a case. Hence, it cannot be considered again in a subsequent case.  This principal is found on the amplifying need for rendering ultimate services to the judicial decisions. The court may discharge the whole case out just before the concluding hearing. Also, the matter cannot be raised for a second time, either in the same court or in a dissimilar court. This principle was invoked in the case of Satyadhyan Goshal v. Smt. Deorajin Debi

Dismiss in Default (Order IX CPC) is finalized by the judge if neither party emerges on the date of hearing. In other situation, if the Defendant emerges and the plaintiff is absent. In both of these conditions the court is entitled to dismiss the case.  

Disposition of a case as dismissed in limine 

“Limine” denotes “at the start”. If a plea is dismissed in limine, another new appeal cannot be filed on the same grounds. It will entail that it is prima facie and the plea is devoid of any merit.  

When the responding party does not secure the lawsuit actively or properly in the case of NRIs, then parties can file the papers devoid of hiring an attorney as it is faster and less expensive.  

Divorce Petitions 

A divorce initiates with a divorce petition or divorced papers. It is a contract among the two parties who are abided by it once it is signed by the judge. This is because it turns into a law that needs to be followed.  

When the divorce order has been signed by the judge, the divorce case is known to be disposed and therefore it is closed. Until then, the case is deemed as an active one.  

At times, the disposition of the case by the courts can mean that it is dismissed. Disposition in a divorce case is basically that the case is finalized and terminated. However, in some exceptional cases disposal can also be inferred as dismissed.  

Issue of Traffic Ticket 

In a situation, if a ticketing officer or if the cop is absent, the judge is entitled to dismiss the case. Also, if the evidence is insufficient the judge may dispose of the suit or the notice of the ticket.  

FAQs for NRIs

What does it disposition mean in a court case ? What is disposed by the judge? 

Disposition in a court case by the judge basically means that the case is closed by the judge and further there will be no proceedings. This dismissal embarked by the judge gives out the final or no verdict of the suit. 

Can NRI attend the case proceedings without travelling to India? 

Only the status of the case can be checked via online. The court requires records of the parties. Hence, there should be the presence of the parties to record his/her statements. Under other circumstances, the power of attorney can take matter into hands.  

Can a disposed case be reopened? 

A disposed case can be reopened by appealing in any higher court devoid of the verdict of the lower court. But only if the higher court accepts the appeal, then case can be reopened 

How to know the status of the case who are not in the near location? 

With technological advancements, one can go through the status online and know is whether the condition of the case. 

How to Search if your case is disposed
How to search if your case is disposed

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