What is the cost NRIs have to bear for Child Adoption in India?

Child adoption in India is becoming a more accepted and encouraged practice in the country, especially after the years of stigma associated with it. This article deals with the cost of child adoption in India. Nowdays, the process also offers Online registration methods for child adoption in India. What makes adoption special and very much a requirement is that according to census 2019, there are around 29.6 million orphan or abandoned children. Various reasons that may have led to this are:

  • The death of one or both parents
  • Lack of financial means to provide for the child
  • The stigma associated with gender

Two organizations primarily oversee adoption in India is

There are three primary sections (Acts) under which adoption can take place;

Institutions that conduct home study during adoption are:

  • Specialized Adoption Agency (SAA)
  • District Child Protection Unit (DCPU)
  • State Adoption Resource Agency (SARA)
Cara online registeration for child adoption
Source: CARA

Adoption within India

Regardless of where the adoption is happening, one must take a few factors into consideration before making a final decision

  1. The child deserves unconditional love from the prospective parents
  2. The parent or parents must be financially stable to provide for the child
  3. The parents and relatives must accept the child as one of their own.

Other than the above mentioned, we have to consider the legal repercussions as well. Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA), the Nodal agency for any adoption within India has given certain guidelines for parents and children.

  1. An Indian parent, NRI, or a foreign citizen can adopt a child in India.
  2. Any person is eligible to adopt irrespective of gender or marital status.
  3. In the case of couples adopting a child, they should have completed at least 2 years of stable marriage and should give joint consensus
  4. The age difference between the child and adopted parents should not be less than 25 years

Normal conditions for adoption within India

  1. The prospective parents need to be physically, emotionally, and mentally stable.
  2. The parents must not be suffering from any life-threatening diseases.
  3. Consideration for adoption is not given to couples with three or more kids, except for children with special-needs.
  4. A single female can adopt a child of any gender. However, a single male cannot adopt a girl child.
  5. A single parent cannot be more than 55 years of age.
  6. A couple should not have a cumulative age of more than 110 years.

Cost of Child Adoption within India

CARA prescribes the cost of adoption within India. One can find the related provisions for adoption fee in,

  • Adoption Regulation 2017
  • Adoption Regulation 2015 – Schedule 13

The fees prescribed in Adoption regulation 2015 is being followed till now.

One can divide the overall cost into 3 main categories

  1. Fee for Home study
    1. A specialized adoption agency can conduct the Home Study to check the suitability of the home belonging to the prospective parents for the adopted child.
    2. The fee is Rs. 6000
  2. Adoption Fee (Childcare Corpus Fee)
    • One has to pay this fee to the adoption agency from whom one is adopting the child. It includes
      1. Childcare and maintenance fee
      2. Document preparation charges
      3. Legal expenses
      4. Administrative expenses
    • The fee is Rs. 40,000 which is paid in two installments
      1. During child acceptance – Rs. 24000
      2. During handover – Rs. 16000
  3. Post follow up cost
    1. Once the child is placed in the care of the parents, For the next two years, home visits are conducted half-yearly
    2. The charge per visit is Rs. 2000

Total cost for in-country adoption – Rs. 54000

Inter-country adoption (From the U.S)

The basic principle of childcare suggests that the child remains in their own country and social and cultural environment for happy and healthy growth. When the authorities cannot avail parents for adoption within the country, the authorities prefer inter-country or cross-border adoption.

India is a signatory to the “1993 Hague convention on protection of children and cooperation in respect of inter-country adoption” and therefore obligated to adhere to its conditions. The primary purpose of the Hague Convention is to safeguard the best interests of the child and to prevent illegal and ill-prepared adoptions.

Cost of Inter-Country Child Adoption (From the U.S in India)

CARA prescribes the cost of adoption. One can find the adoption’s related provisions in

  • Adoption Regulation 2017
  • Adoption Regulation 2015 – Schedule 13

The fees prescribed in Adoption regulation 2015 is being followed till now.

The overall cost may be divided into 3 main categories

  • Fee for Home study
    • A foreign agency conducts the Home study to check the suitability of the home belonging to the prospective parents for the adopted child.
    • The fee is 300 USD
  • Adoption Fee ( Childcare Corpus Fee )
    • One has to pay this fee to the adoption agency from whom one is adopting the child. It includes
      • Childcare and maintenance fee
      • Document preparation charges
      • Legal expenses
      • Administrative expenses
    • The fee is 5000 USD which is paid in two installments
      • During child acceptance – 3000 USD
      • During handover – 2000 USD
  • Post follow up cost
    • Once the authorities place the child in the care of the parents, for the next two years, the authorities conduct half yearly home visits. The person can be from the Foreign Adoption Agency and based on the norms of the country
    • The charge per visit is 200 USD

Total cost for inter-country adoption – 6100 USD

In an era when we face issues of child abuse and violence, child adoption is a tedious and extremely important task that cannot be ignored in a few steps. Some say adoption helps to tackle undue abortions. When a person is ready to adopt and give unconditional love to an unknown child, they surpass the basic definition of humanity and attain an ethereal status.

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